Sh'erit ha-Pletah (Hebrew: שארית הפליטה, lit. 'the surviving remnant') is a biblical (Ezra 9:14 and I Chronicles 4:43) term used by Jewish refugees who survived the Holocaust to refer to themselves
and the communities they formed in postwar Europe following the liberation in the spring of 1945. Hundreds of thousands of survivors spent several years following their repatriation in Displaced Persons (DP) camps in Germany, Austria, and Italy. The refugees became socially and politically organized, advocating at first for their political and human rights in the camps, and then for the right to emigrate to British Mandate of Palestine, most of which became the Jewish State of Israel where the majority ended up living by 1950.